Next Generation Alternative Jet and Diesel Fuels

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No Petroleum Required - World’s First: Navy Flies EA-18G Growler Fueled by ARA’s 100% Renewable Jet Fuel

MEDIA RELEASE: November, 27 2016 - The US Navy flew the world’s first military jet flight using 100-percent renewable jet fuel on September 1, 2016 at Patuxent River Naval Air Station, Maryland. An EA-18G Growler, powered by ReadiJet® (CHCJ-5), 100% renewable jet fuel produced by Applied Research Associates (ARA), completed the historic flight, as a part of the Navy’s military specification (MILSPEC) certification for the fuel’s operational use. “Initial results from the test flight showed that our CHCJ-5 performed just like petroleum JP-5. That is exactly what we expected because the chemical composition, physical properties, and energy content of our fuel are nearly identical to its petroleum counterpart," said Ed Coppola, ARA’s Lead Engineer.

ARA and Chevron Lummus Global (CLG) developed the process for producing the fuels based on ARA’s patented Catalytic Hydrothermolysis (CH) process and CLG’s market-leading hydroprocessing technology. ARA and Chevron Lummus Global are currently engineering the first commercial-scale Biofuels ISOCONVERSION facility. The 5,000 barrel-per-day facility will produce renewable diesel, jet fuel, and naphtha from ultra-low carbon intensity waste oil feedstocks.



No Petroleum Required

U.S. Navy Completes Sea Trial with ARA’s 100% Drop-in Renewable Diesel Fuel

MEDIA RELEASE: August, 3 2016 - For the first time ever a Navy ship has operated on a 100 percent drop-in renewable diesel fuel. Naval Surface Warfare Center, Port Hueneme Division's (NSWC PHD) Self Defense Test Ship (SDTS) completed final-phase testing of a 100% drop-in renewable diesel fuel as part of the Navy’s MILSPEC qualification program. ReadiDiesel™ was developed by Applied Research Associates (ARA) and Chevron Lummus Global, as a drop-in replacement for petroleum F-76 marine diesel. ReadiDiesel™ is a 100% renewable biofuel.
The SDTS took on approximately 18,000 gallons of ReadiDiesel™ in San Diego, California. The objective of this particular test was twofold: first, to demonstrate that ReadiDiesel™ is a drop-in replacement for petroleum-sourced F-76 marine diesel, meaning that it requires no blending with petroleum-derived fuels, equipment modifications or operational modifications by the crew; and second, to ensure that this renewable fuel performs equally to, or better than, existing petroleum-derived fuels. The renewable diesel fuel powered the Self Defense Test Ship’s General Electric LM-2500 gas-turbine engine and a Rolls Royce 501 K-17 gas-turbine generator.
The test period lasted approximately 12 hours along the Southern California Coast, while enroute from San Diego to Port Hueneme. Navy engineers monitored the performance of the gas-turbine engines and generators while running on petroleum F-76 prior to taking on the ReadiDiesel™ to establish a baseline for comparison. While operating on 100% ReadiDiesel™, the ship successfully completed multiple engine starts and speed changes. There were no mechanical, operational or qualitative differences when operating on ReadiDiesel™.
The data collected from the trial will be fully analyzed and the results summarized in a final report. Prior to testing aboard the SDTS, ReadiDiesel™ went through fit-for-purpose, component, and full-scale engine testing. The component and full-scale engine testing included performance tests to determine the combustion quality and emissions. In all, ARA provided 79,000 gallons of ReadiDiesel™ for the test program.
ReadiDiesel™, termed Catalytic Hydrothermolysis Conversion Diesel (CHCD-76) by the Navy, is a military grade drop-in replacement for traditional F-76 that is produced from fats, oils, and greases by the Biofuels ISOCONVERSION™ process. ReadiDiesel™ has the same molecular composition, boiling range distribution, and physical and energy density as petroleum fuels while producing lower emissions than the petroleum counterpart. ReadiDiesel™ also reduces greenhouse gas emissions by 80% compared to petroleum.
The Department of the Navy has pursued introducing drop-in renewable diesel to its operational supply as a means to increase operational flexibility and energy security. Alternatives to traditional petroleum can equip mission planners and commanders with more options, as well make the service’s supply lines more secure.
The project was a collaborative effort involving the Deputy Assistant Secretary of the Navy Energy Office (DASN Energy), Naval Sea Systems Command (NAVSEA), Naval Air Systems Command (NAVAIR), Naval Supply Systems Command (NAVSUP), Defense Logistics Agency (DLA), NSWC PHD and NSWC Philadelphia Division. Each organization that provided support to the test is involved in either Department of Defense or Department of the Navy energy initiatives. The SDTS is an asset of NSWC PHD. An all-civilian Port Hueneme crew of approximately 40 personnel operated the vessel while underway. Approximately 7 additional personnel rode the vessel in support of the test.
In addition to the MILSPEC certification of ReadiDiesel™, the Navy continues to test ARA and Chevron Lummus Global’s ReadiJet™ as a 100% drop-in renewable jet fuel. Fit for purpose, component, and full engine testing are concluding, and flight testing in a Navy EA-18G Growler is planned for early fall.
Reduction in emissions is just one of the positive environmental impacts of ReadiDiesel™ and ReadiJet™ fuels. The Biofuels ISOCONVERSION™ process can use waste such as yellow grease from rendering facilities, used cooking oil, and brown grease recovered from grease traps as feedstocks. In addition to being compatible with current turbine and diesel engines, ReadiDiesel™ and ReadiJet™ do not have to be segregated from their petroleum counterparts. These fuels can utilize existing petroleum infrastructure without the need to build additional, costly infrastructure for blending, transportation, and storage.
ARA and Chevron Lummus Global are currently engineering the first commercial-scale Biofuels ISOCONVERSION refinery for its licensee, UrbanX Renewables Group. The 5,000 barrel-per-day refinery will be located in Southern California and will produce renewable diesel, jet, and naphtha from ultra-low carbon intensity waste oil feedstocks. "We are continuing to take important, deliberate steps toward our goal of commercial scale production of 100 percent drop-in diesel and jet fuel from waste oils at prices competitive with their petroleum counterparts," said Red.


ARA Delivers Game-Changing 100% Renewable Fuels to the Navy

No More Blending: 100 Percent Drop-In Renewable Fuel will Increase Energy Security for U.S. Military While Reducing CO2 Emissions

MEDIA RELEASE: March, 2 2016 - The Navy is performing certification testing on neat, unblended ReadiJet® and ReadiDiesel® which will result in new military specifications. When the MILSPEC certification is complete, ReadiJet® and ReadiDiesel® will be the ONLY 100 percent renewable fuels certified by the Department of Defense. ReadiJet® is also being certified for commercial use through ASTM (American Society for Testing and Materials).
For the first time ever, renewable jet and diesel fuels that meet petroleum fuel specifications without blending, will be certified for use as 100 percent drop-in fuels. ARA has delivered over 150,000 gallons of 100 percent drop-in jet and diesel fuel to the U.S. Navy as part of a certification fuel contract, two months ahead of schedule.
The renewable jet and diesel fuels are made using ARA's and Chevron Lummus Global's Biofuels ISOCONVERSION™ process which converts any renewable fat, oil, or grease into high yields of 100 percent drop-in, pure hydrocarbon fuels.
ARA and Chevron Lummus Global (CLG) developed their process based on ARA’s patented Catalytic Hydrothermolysis process and CLG’s market-leading hydro-processing technology. The process converts any non-edible oil directly into renewable, aromatic, drop-in fuels known as ReadiJet® and ReadiDiesel®. These fuels are ready to use, without blending, in turbine and diesel engines.
On October 29, 2012, the National Research Council Canada flight-tested ReadiJet® using their Falcon 20 aircraft in the world’s first ever 100 percent drop-in renewable jet fuel flight. The flight demonstrated more than 50 percent reduction in particle emissions while obtaining a 1.5 percent reduction in specific fuel consumption compared to petroleum-derived jet fuel. ReadiJet® gives more miles per gallon than petroleum based fuel and a lot more miles per gallon than other renewable fuels. This means longer range for aircraft flying.
The test flight was listed as one of the Top 25 scientific achievements of 2012 in Popular Science Magazine’s January 2013 Edition. ReadiJet® also received the 2012 Best New Fuel Award from Biofuels Digest.
ARA and CLG are currently engineering the first commercial-scale refinery for its licensee, UrbanX Renewables Group. The multi-phase 5000 barrel-per-day refinery will be located in Southern California and will produce renewable diesel, jet, and naphtha from ultra-low carbon intensity waste oil feedstocks.
Reduction in emissions is just one of the positive environmental impacts of ARA’s ReadiJet® and ReadiDiesel® fuels. The Biofuels ISOCONVERSION™ process can use waste such as yellow grease from rendering facilities, used cooking oil, and brown grease recovered from grease traps as feedstocks.
In addition to being compatible with current turbine and diesel engines, ReadiJet® and ReadiDiesel® do not have to be segregated from their petroleum counterparts. These fuels can utilize existing petroleum infrastructure without the need to build additional, costly infrastructure for blending, transportation, and storage.



Blue SunARA and Blue Sun Partner to Commercialize
100% Drop-in Renewable Jet and Diesel Fuel
:

Blue Sun to Build and Operate Demonstration Facility, Next Step Commercial Volumes 

ARA - Blue Sun PartnershipMEDIA RELEASE: Golden, CO, January 17, 2013 – Applied Research Associates, Inc. (ARA) and Blue Sun Energy, Inc. announced a partnership for the design, construction, and operation of a Biofuels ISOCONVERSION Process (BIC) demonstration system using the ARA and Chevron Lummus Global (CLG) process for the production of certification quantities of 100% drop-in renewable jet, diesel, and gasoline.

 “The scale up of the Biofuels ISOCONVERSION process with our partners at Blue Sun will allow us to take a significant step toward commercial scale production of 100% drop-in fuels at prices competitive with petroleum in the 2015 timeframe,” said Chuck Red, ARA’s Biofuels Program Manager. “The hundred barrels-per-day demonstration system will be capable of producing large fuel samples, a key enabler for ASTM certification of our fuels.”

“This partnership aligns perfectly with Department of Defense goals for production of alternative fuels,” said Leigh Freeman, CEO of Blue Sun. “The skill sets and experience of Blue Sun and ARA cover all aspects required to deliver renewable jet and diesel at DoD cost targets, on DoD timelines,” said Mr. Freeman. Read more > (PDF)

NRC FlightAnalysis of ReadiJet® Alternative Fuel Released:

100% Drop-in Biofuel tested in historic jet flight reveals 50% reduction in emissions and reduced fuel consumption 

MEDIA RELEASE: January 7, 2013 - Ottawa, Canada Results from the world’s first flight powered by 100 percent biofuel that met petroleum fuel specifications without blending were released today by the National Research Council of Canada (NRC). Test results show that ReadiJet®, produced by ARA and Chevron Lummus Global from Agrisoma’s Resonance feedstock and in partnership with the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), reduced emissions and provided better fuel efficiency than petroleum aviation fuel.

Information collected in-flight on October 29, 2012 and analyzed by a team of National Research Council experts revealed a 50 percent reduction in aerosol emissions when using ReadiJet® biofuel compared to conventional fuel. Additional tests from the static engine show a significant reduction in particles (up to 25 percent) and in black carbon emissions (up to 49 percent) compared to conventional fuel. These tests also show comparable engine performance, but an improvement of 1.5 percent in specific fuel consumption during the steady state operations. The jet’s engines required no modification as the biofuel tested in-flight meets the specification test property limits of petroleum-based fuels.

“We are pleased with these positive results. The flight went smoothly and the data collected enables us to better understand the impact of biofuel on the environment,” said John R. McDougall, President of the National Research Council of Canada. “We will continue to work with our partners Applied Research Associates, Chevron Lummus Global, and Agrisoma Biosciences, Inc. to bring this effective energy solution to market. The final product will be a sustainable option for reducing aviation emissions.” Read more > (PDF)

 

ReadiJet® Alternative Fuel Takes Flight:

The world’s first jet aircraft flight powered by 100%, un-blended, renewable jet fuel that meets petroleum jet fuel specifications lands in Canada  

MEDIA RELEASE: October 29, 2012 - Ottawa, Canada 3:45 p.m., Monday, October 29th will go down in history as the first time a civilian jet was powered by 100 percent unblended, renewable biofuel. Applied Research Associates (ARA) and Chevron Lummus Global (CLG) partnered with the National Research Council of Canada (NRC), the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), and Agrisoma Biosciences Inc. to test and analyze their ReadiJet® drop-in jet fuel. The biofuel, ReadiJet®, was produced by ARA, under contract to AFRL, from Agrisoma’s Resonance™ feedstock crop using CLG’s and ARA’s breakthrough Biofuel ISOCONVERSION process.

NRC Falcon 20Prior to the test flight, NRC completed ground testing of the fuel with their GE 700 2D2 Turbofan engine in their test cell, and performed a ground test in the Falcon 20. The renewable jet fuel was tested against ASTM and military specifications. During the flight, the biofuel flowed into the engine of the Falcon 20 - one of NRC’s specifically equipped and best suited jet for this challenge – as it flew over the sky of Canada’s capital. A second aircraft, the T-33, tailed the Falcon in flight and collected valuable information on the emissions generated by the biofuel. Research experts at the National Research Council will analyze this information to better understand the environmental impact of biofuel. Preliminary results will be released in the following weeks. This historic hour-long flight symbolizes a significant step not only for the aerospace industry, but also towards advancing sustainable sources of renewable energy. The enthusiasm on the tarmac during and after the flight was palatable. "Today, I flew the world's first 100 percent biofuel flight," said Tim Leslie, one of NRC's pilots. "We have been working hard with our partners for many months, and it is most rewarding to see it all come together. It is truly inspiring to take this step towards an eco-friendly future." Read more > (PDF)

 

Applied Research Associates (ARA), National Research Council of Canada (NRC), Chevron Lummus Global, and Agrisoma Biosciences will partner to fly aircraft powered by 100% alternative jet fuel 

MEDIA RELEASE: September 12, 2012 - Alternative Fuels Pavilion - ILA Berlin Air Show: Applied Research Associates (ARA) and Chevron Lummus Global (CLG) are partnering with the National Research Council of Canada (NRC), the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory (AFRL), and Agrisoma Biosciences Inc., a Canadian firm with a growing presence in the biofuel feedstock market, to evaluate CLG and ARA’s 100% drop-in ReadiJet® Fuel.

ARA and NRC will test the renewable jet fuel against ASTM and military specifications and evaluate the fuel in ground based engine tests, with the initiative culminating in a test flight with the NRC Falcon-20 twin engine jet. This flight will be the first time in the world a jet aircraft is powered by 100%, un-blended, renewable jet fuel that meets petroleum jet fuel specifications. The biofuel, ReadiJet®, was produced by ARA, under contract to AFRL, from Agrisoma’s Resonance™ feedstock crop using CLG’s and ARA’s breakthrough Biofuel ISOCONVERSION process. Read more > (PDF)

Aemetis

Chevron Lummus Global and ARA Selected by Aemetis to Provide Technology for 100% Drop-in Alternative Fuels Production 

MEDIA RELEASE: September 7, 2012 - Bloomfield, NJ:Chevron Lummus Global (CLG) and Applied Research Associates (ARA) announced today that they have beenselected by Aemetis, Inc. to provide technology to produce 100% drop-in alternative fuels at sites in North America.
Aemetis has signed the first license agreement of CLG and ARA’s Biofuels ISOCONVERSION process technology, which can produce Jet A, JP-8, JP-5, F-76, gasoline and diesel fuel from a diverse array of plant oil feedstocks.  The license agreement grants Aemetis Advanced Fuels Inc., a wholly-owned subsidiary of Aemetis, the use of the Biofuels ISOCONVERSION process in Aemetis biorefineries throughout North America. 

The low-cost process uses water at high temperature and pressure to convert renewable oils into a crude oil intermediate in a process that takes less than five minutes.  The crude oil intermediate is then reacted with hydrogen over CLG ISOCONVERSION™ Catalysts and processed into alternative fuels.  These fuels are virtually indistinguishable from their petroleum counterparts. Read more > (PDF)

 

Chevron Lummus Global (CLG) Joins ARA’s ReadiJet® Alternative Fuel Initiative To ARA-CLGDevelop 100% Drop-in Diesel, and Jet Kero Biofuels 

PRESS RELEASE: May 14 2012 - Albuquerque New Mexico, May 14, 2012ARA announced today that Chevron Lummus Global (CLG), a 50-50 joint venture between Chevron Products Company and Lummus Technology, has joined ARA’s ReadiJet® Alternative Fuel Initiative to develop drop-in biofuels.  The joint development effort combines ARA’s CH PROCESS technology with Chevron Lummus Global’s ISOCONVERSION process technology to create drop-in biofuels that will be ready to use in jet and diesel engines, eliminating the need for blending with petroleum. “The integrated ARA/CLG process provides a pathway for fulfilling the military and civilian markets’ requirements for alternative fuels at parity with petroleum while spurring opportunities for America’s farmers without subsidies,” said Rob Sues, ARA’s President and CEO. Read more > (PDF)

 

ReadiJet® one of 5 fuels selected for testing by British Airways and Rolls-Royce 

January 2012 - ARA was recently notified that our ReadiJet® Fuel is one of 5 alternative fuels selected by British Airways - Rolls Royce to be included in their rig testing program. This narrows their testing field from the original 10 fuels that underwent lab testing in the summer of 2011 as part of the Federal Aviation Administration’s Continuous Lower Energy, Emissions, and Noise or CLEEN program. Small engine testing will begin in the first quarter of 2012.

 

ReadiJet® technology featured on Canada's CTV 

December 2011 - Check out ARA's ReadiJet® technology featured on Canada's CTV last week (watch - story starts at 11:20). ARA is working with Agrisoma, one of Canada’s leading agricultural biotechnology companies, to bring together the top feedstock and process technologies. This month, the US Air Force Research Lab and National Research Council Canada have tested 100% drop-in ReadiJet (made from Agrisoma feedstocks) that meets jet fuel specifications without blending. Together we'll deliver sustainable energy solutions to reduce reliance on petroleum.

 

ReadiJet® sample submitted to British Airways and Rolls-Royce for analysis 

      Aromatics, vol % (D1319) 18.1
      Heat of Combustion, MJ/Kg (D4809) 43.15
      Distillation (D86):  
             • 10% recovered, °C 180
             • 50% recovered, °C 196
             • 90% recovered, °C 229
             • End Point, °C 270
      Flash point, °C (D93) 40
      Freeze Point, °C (D5972/2386) -54.5
      Density @ 15°C, kg/L (D4052) 0.807

August 2011 - ARA’s ReadiJet® has been selected by British Airways and Rolls-Royce for inclusion in their alternative fuels testing program which is part of the Federal Aviation Administration’s Continuous Lower Energy, Emissions, and Noise or CLEEN program.  ARA shipped 10 liters of high aromatic ReadiJet for the initial round of laboratory scale testing at Rolls-Royce facilities in Derby, England. The preliminary results indicate that "this fuel (ReadiJet®) may be suitable as a D7566 drop-in fuel, but has sufficiently novel composition that definitely warrants further more detailed investigation." Rig testing is scheduled for Q1 2012.

ARA invented Catalytic Hydrothermolysis, and the CH technology patent was awarded in April 2010. ARA’s Ed Coppola and Steve Baxley manage the alternative fuels program.

 

Paris Air Show

June 2011 - ARA’s Gulf Coast Sector Manager Glen McDonald and North Florida Division Manager Chuck Red presented ARA’s Catalytic Hydrothermolysis (CH) technology and ReadiJet® (Renewable Aromatic Drop-in Jet) fuel at the Alternative Aviation Fuels Showcase at the Paris Air Show during June 20-26. 

The event brought government and industry leaders from around the world to look at the most promising alternative fuels technologies. ARA leaders briefed U.S. Secretary of Agriculture Tom Vilsack and U.S. Secretary of Transportation Ray LaHood on the first, next generation, 100-percent, drop-in jet fuel that is being produced at ARA’s 100-gallon-per-day pilot facility in Panama City, Fla. ARA employees also took part in panel discussions and briefed leaders of the Air Transport Association, Commercial Aviation Alternative Fuels Initiative, Air France, American Airlines, British Airways, Lufthansa and United Airlines. 

Partnership Applied Research Associates, Inc. Applied Research Associates, Inc. Chevron Lummus Global






     

a game changing solution.
feedstocks technology commercialization

• True drop-in fuels that do not require blending with petroleum

• Fuels contain high-density aromatic, cycloparaffin, and isoparaffin hydrocarbons
• Produced from sustainable non-food plant crops